Green card lottery registration begins and can 2013 function as final year?

October 1 marks the start of the 30-day registration period to the annual Diversity Visa (green card) Lottery. This program was sponsored from the late Senator Edward Kennedy under section 203 (c) in the Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1990 that can help even out the proportions of immigrants from different European countries which, back then, were known as skewed for immigrants from Latin America and Asia. But is a program whose the come and gone?
To satisfy the diversity goal, any country containing admitted 50,000 immigrants into your U.S. during the last five years just isn't eligible to the Diversity Visa Program. This currently excludes citizens of countries for instance Mexico, Canada, mainland China, and approximately a dozen other countries and islands that happen to be part from the United Kingdom. Because from the rolling 50,000 limit, countries may come and alternate from the 'visa-eligible' list. For example, Poland is eligible again after being eliminated in 2007, and Nigeria was eliminated due to this year's lottery.
Besides the 'nativity' requirement (applicants should be born within a visa-eligible country to qualify), the doctor has to also have the equivalent of a U.S. senior high school education, with at the least two years of experience during the last five years in one on the jobs indexed in the Department of Labor's oddly named O*Net database. A quick perusal from the list of qualifying occupations reveals which the vast majority of the jobs actually call for a college degree or maybe a post-baccalaureate education.
The lottery is incredibly popular abroad because doing so does not depend upon sponsorship by a boss or a close relative, in order that it represents a short cut for Lawful Permanent Resident status (aka a 'green card'), and 5yrs later the potential for full U.S. Citizenship.
Of the millions who apply each October through the U.S. State Department website, 100,000 are selected randomly by computer for interviews and background record checks either with a U.S. Consulate abroad or at the local USCIS office in the United States. Winners verify their winning status online starting May 1 from the following year as soon as they apply. However, winning is perhaps no guarantee to getting a visa.
Interviewees must bring their birth and marriage certificates, evidence of education or work in a very qualifying occupation, plus more, including evidence there is a job browsing the United States and the name as someone willing to pay money for their living costs until they discover a job to make sure they do not turn into a 'public charge.' Of those 100,000 initial selectees, most or 50,000 are eventually selected.
By most accounts this course has been a large success despite a couple of very visible publicity setbacks. For example, in 2002 there was clearly the case connected with an Egyptian lottery winner shooting 2 different people at the Los Angeles International Airport. In 2011, the State Department's Department of Visa Services who administer this program, had a very embarrassing computer glitch that accidentally informed 22,000 folks that they were selected as winners although these people were in fact not selected. This triggered thousands of potential winners discarding their entry numbers after mistakenly believing they lost.
And the DV Program, like all other government program, has become affected by fraud. Not surprisingly, applicants have already been known to use fake documentation to misrepresent themselves to USCIS or State Department personnel in their interview. In other cases applicants are already victimized by scam emails claiming to derive from the State Department that tell the victim they won the lottery and request hefty fees to process their application. In fact, the 1st widely circulated spam email was with the husband and wife immigration lawyer team of Laurence Canter and Martha Siegel in 1994 to solicit green card website lottery supplier fees.
There are degrees of highly educated, English-fluent applicants who neglect to read or understand government instructions and will not receive their visas because of avoidable mistakes through the process. Using shoddy or outright fraudulent independent lottery companies represents another problem. In some cases these providers charge applicants for services or goods that happen to be unnecessary.
Ethical, fee-based lottery services like the American Dream (while others) represent a viable choice for most applicants who require or just want the reassurance knowing they've help during the entire process from registering to finding an immigration lawyer if they win.
The lottery represents one with the few avenues for legal entry in the United States, particularly for those from African and Caribbean countries. But poorer non-citizens are without lobbyists, not to mention a significant amount of supporters in Congress. For this reason the lottery continues to be on the chopping block for many years by conservatives for instance Representative Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) who comprehend the winners being a threat to national security, as taking jobs faraway from Americans, or that this program admits lots of undesirables by using a process of 'chain-migration.'
However, the volume of immigrants admitted to your United States through the lottery represents just about 5% from the overall number. And independent immigration research indicates that legal immigrants contribute towards the economy, promote true diversity, and lessen the deficit.
The program also will pay for itself via relatively steep fees charged to every single alien and relative admitted in the country. And commonsense indicates that changing U.S. demographics minimizing birth rates foreshadow the requirement to bring in more workers in the United States'a point underscored by supporters of overall immigration reform.
This past year Senate Bill S.744 finally eviscerated this course as part in the proposed immigration reform compromise, favoring instead something that admits more skills-based STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) applicants versus a method based partially on diversity. However, the 2013 green card lottery was saved by congressional inaction, thanks in part for the Syria crisis and therefore the budget impasse, but particularly by House Republicans who always threaten to derail reform altogether by piecemeal inaction.
So which side the lottery move from here?
Assuming the House of Representatives passes comprehensive immigration reform this fall maybe in early 2014 (an incredibly big assumption), 2013 will function as final year on the lottery and terminate one with the many legislative legacies of Edward Kennedy.
But supporters on the lottery must not overestimate the ability in the House to pass through much-needed immigration reform. Ironically, the lottery may very well be saved through the very same forces that argue one of the most for its demise.

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